Revelation Chapter Six

This chapter describes the opening of the first six seals and the momentous events that ensue.

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1 Chapter six describes the breaking of the first six seals of the scroll by Christ Jesus.

2 The first four seals introduce the infamous four horses of the Apocalypse.

3 They bring warfare, persecution, hunger, famine and plague. The world has always known these elements but never to such an extent at one time.

4 The fifth seal describes the martyred souls in heaven who yearn for the justice of Christ Jesus to be unfolded on earth.

5 The sixth seal describes the cosmological disturbances that precede the return of Christ Jesus and the outpouring of God’s wrath on this earth.

Revelation 6:1 ‘I watched as the Lamb opened the first of the seven seals. Then I heard one of the four living creatures say in a voice like thunder, ‘Come!’ I looked and there before me was a white horse. Its rider held a bow, and he was given a crown, and he rode out as a conqueror bent on conquest.’

Chapter five ended with Christ Jesus taking the scroll bound with seven seals from the right-hand of the Father. This chapter describes the breaking of the first six seals.

The first four seals describe what have become known as the four horsemen of the Apocalypse.

When the living creatures call out ‘Come’, in a voice like thunder, they are ushering in the four riders in turn. The riders may not turn up when they choose; they are bound to wait until summoned. In other words, God is sovereign and completely in control. The enemy can do no more than he is allowed.

We see this echoed in Ezekiel 38:4 where the antichrist figure of Gog has hooks put in his jaws to bring him out with his army to unwittingly fulfill God’s purposes.

Ezekiel 38:4 ‘I will turn you around, put hooks in your jaws and bring you out with your whole army – your horsemen fully armed and a great horde with large and small shields, all of them brandishing their swords.

Everything comes under God’s sovereign rule; indeed, God often uses his enemies to achieve his purposes.

Isaiah 54:16See, it is I who created the blacksmith who fans the coals into flame and forges a weapon fit for its work. And it is I who have created the destroyer to work havoc…’

Throughout the disturbing chaos of the last days, we can take great comfort in knowing that God holds everything in His control and sovereign command. We can lean into these times with a confidence that will astound those around us. They will witness the serenity within us that comes from being fully aligned with God’s purposes.

1 Peter 3:15Do not fear what they fear, do not be frightened. But in your hearts set apart Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have.’

The First Horse

Revelation 6:1c ‘Then I heard one of the four living creatures say in a voice like thunder, ‘Come!’ I looked and there before me was a white horse. Its rider held a bow, and he was given a crown, and he rode out as a conqueror bent on conquest.’

When he opens the first seal, one of the living creatures summons a white horse with a rider upon it.

At first glance, this rider might be mistaken or confused with the rider of the white horse in Revelation 19.

Revelation 19:11 ‘I saw heaven open and there before me was a white horse whose rider is called Faithful and True.’

Most commentators though are agreed this is a false imitation of Christ. Satan has always lacked originality and is forced to produce false deceptive images of the honest truth, in order to lead people astray.

Throughout the course of history there have been antichrist figures that have chosen to ride white horses. The classic example would be Napoleon Bonaparte who famously rode a white steed at the head of his army; and in recent days, Saddam Hussein of Iraq was often pictured riding a white mount.

John describes this rider on a white horse as being given a crown.

The Greek word used here is ‘stephanos’ and denotes a victor’s wreath. This is in sharp contrast to the Greek word ‘diadema’ which denotes a crown of sovereignty and is worn by Christ Jesus, the royal King of kings, in the Revelation 19:11 verse.

Interestingly, the expression ‘given’ used here when the rider receives his crown is translated from the Greek word ‘edothe’.

This is echoed in Revelation 6:4a when the rider of the fiery red horse is ‘given’ power to take peace from this earth; Revelation 13:5 when the beast is ‘given’ a mouth to utter proud words and Revelation 13:7 when he is ‘given’ power to make war against the saints.

The implication here is that the rider has no authority of his own but only the crown of victory that he is given by Satan.

Reasons for stating this first rider is not the Christ Jesus of Revelation 19:1

1 It feels awkward to suggest that Christ Jesus is in the company of the violence, the famine and the death by plague and wild animals that the other three riders represent. It seems more reasonable that the first rider is the Antichrist pretending to be Christ. Indeed, the other three horses may represent reflections of him.

2 If Jesus is the rider on the first white horse then the Lamb is opening the first seal to reveal…himself!. This sounds rather clumsy and it sounds more natural that he opens the first seal to reveal the AntiChrist on the white horse.

3 The word ‘Come’ is an order, an imperative. The first living creature is unlikely to be ordering Christ Jesus to come forward with ‘a voice like thunder‘, when he was worshiping him in the previous chapter. It is more likely the living creature is summoning the dark Antichrist to come forward, in accordance with Ezekiel 38:4 where Gog (the Antichrist) is turned around with hooks in his mouth.

4 He wears a ‘stephanos’ crown rather than a royal ‘diadem’ crown and this is given to him, presumably by the enemy, he is not royal by birth. This aligns with Daniel 11:21 ‘He will be succeeded by a contemptible person who has not been given the honour of royalty.’ By contrast Jesus is royal by birth and he wears a diadem crown.

5 He rides as a conqueror bent on conquest whereas Christ comes with mercy and grace.

Revelation 13:7 speaks of the Antichrist beast coming ‘to make war against the saints and to conquer them.’By contrast, in Revelation 3:20, Jesus knocks at the door and waits to be invited in to commune with us.’

It is imperative that we get the identity of this white horse correct or we may fall at the first fence! No matter how impressive the Antichrist appears, no matter how wonderful his miraculous powers or persuasive his promises, never fall for his devious schemes.

Jesus warns: ‘Watch out that no-one deceives you. For many will come in my name, claiming ‘I am the Christ’ and will deceive many.’’ Matthew 24:4

2 Thessalonians 2:9 ‘The coming of the lawless one will be in accordance with the work of Satan displayed in all kinds of counterfeit miracles, signs and wonders…

The Second Horseman

Revelation 6:3When the Lamb opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature say, ‘Come!’ Then another horse came out, a fiery red one. Its rider was given power to take peace from the earth and to make men slay each other. To him was given a large sword.’

Whereas the first rider on the white horse brought peace, albeit a false peace and sense of security, the second rider brings violence.

It can be argued that the second, third and fourth rides are reflections or attributes of the first rider, that is, the Antichrist.

These verses correlate perfectly with Matthew 24:6 where Jesus states that: ‘You will hear of wars and rumours of wars but see to it that you are not alarmed.

It can also be argued that religious persecution will be used to bring this violence.

Revelation 13:7 ‘He (the Antichrist) was given power to make war against the saints and conquer them.’

Therefore this second rider will bring chaos and disorder within society; the very elements within which dictators thrive.

Jesus warns us, in Matthew 24:6, not to be alarmed or frightened. The emergence and actions of the Antichrist will bring fear and unease throughout the world. Christians will be prone to this fear as much as the next man hence the importance of being prepared in our hearts for these difficult days ahead.

John 16:33 ‘In this world you will have trouble but take heart! I have overcome the world.

Matthew 24:6 continues with Jesus reminding us that ‘such things must happen’.

The emergence and works of the Antichrist are determined by the sovereign will of God. We can only surrender to the will and protection of our heavenly Father and find and keep our serenity by dwelling in his presence.

Revelation 2:10 ‘Do not be afraid of what you are about to suffer..

To Slay Each Other

Revelation 6:3 ‘and to make men slay each other’

The expression ‘slay each other’ (Gk. ‘sphazo’) is used almost exclusively in the writings of the apostle John as describing the death of Christ or the execution of Christians.

Two examples are Revelation 13:8 where John describes ‘the Lamb that was slain’ and Revelation 18:24 where John describes the prophets and saints who had been ‘killed (slain) on the earth’.

In both examples the Greek word ‘sphazo’ is used which means ‘to butcher or sacrifice’. The first use of this word in scripture is in Genesis 22:10 where Abraham prepares to sacrifice his son Isaac.

The Greek word ‘machaira’ is used to describe the ‘large sword’ that is given to the second rider. It is fundamentally a sword used for sacrifice.

Therefore the tragic outcome of this wave of intense persecution brought on by the second rider on the fiery red horse culminates in Revelation 6:9 where John sees ‘the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God and the testimony they had maintained.’

However, the Lord will faithfully walk with us through this tribulation.

Psalm 27:5 ‘For in the day of trouble he will keep me safe in the dwelling, he will hide me in the shelter of the tabernacle and set me high upon the rock. Then my head will be exalted above the enemies who surround me, at his tabernacle will I sacrifice with shouts of joy. I will sing and make music to the Lord.’

The Third Horseman

R6:5 ‘When the Lamb opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature say, ‘Come’. I looked and there before me was a black horse! Its rider was holding a pair of scales in his hand. Then I heard what sounded like a voice among the four living creatures saying: ‘A quart of wheat for a day’s wages and three quarts of barley for a day’s wages and do not damage the oil and the wine!’

The bitter fruit of warfare and persecution is inevitably hunger and famine.

Walvoord comments eloquently: ‘A measure of wheat is approximately what a labouring man would eat in one meal. If he used his denarius to buy barley, a cheaper grain, he would have enough from his day’s wages to buy three good meals of barley. If he bought wheat, a more precious grain, he would be able to buy enough for only one meal. There would be no money left to buy other things, such as oil or wine, which were considered essential in biblical times.’ 3

Life would therefore be reduced to economic hardship and the barest of necessities.

Some have commented on the oil and wine being spared from damage, and have concluded that although the basics will be severely rationed, nevertheless the luxuries will still be available to those who can afford them!

Ryrie comments indignantly: ‘This situation will only serve to taunt the populace in their impoverished state.’

Some have commented, more prosaically, that drought affects the growth of grain more than it does of olive trees or vines that have deeper roots.

Revelation 13:16 speaks of the False Prophet establishing a system where both rich and poor have to receive a mark of some sort before they can engage in buying or selling. The stipulation is that they will have to denounce Christ Jesus and worship the Antichrist instead. Inevitably, this would lead to an economic impoverishment to all those who refused to bow the knee to this false god.

Walters argues convincingly that: ‘A world that is in the midst of the worst famine in history would be an easy target for the Antichrist. Is it his offer of food to a hungry world that finally leads him to widespread power? (4)

Revelation 13:16 ‘He also forced everyone, small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on his right hand or forehead so that no-one could buy or sell unless he had the mark, which is the name of the beast or the number of his name.

Matthew 24:7 ‘There will be famines and earthquakes in various places.’

We know therefore, that hunger will be used by the Antichrist to weaken our resolve and lose faith. These will be times when we must strengthen and encourage each other, knowing that these dark days are short-lived and that the wedding banquet is already being laid out!

Psalm 23:5 ‘You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies, you anoint my head with oil and my cup overflows, surely goodness and love will follow me all the days of my life and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever.’

The Fourth Horseman

Revealtion 6:7 ‘When the Lamb opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature say, ‘Come’. I looked and there before me was a pale horse! Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by the sword, famine and plague and by the beasts of the earth.’

Dr Paige Patterson puts it almost poetically: ‘Hades is the unseen and partially unknown and unknowable world to which the dead have departed. Death parades on his horse and the realm of the departed follows like a street sweeper behind him, clearing up the debris of the fallen, and imprisoning them in that shadowy world.’ (5)

Hendriksen comments grimly: ‘Death cuts down, and Hades- symbolising the state of disembodied existence – gathers the slain.’ (6)

The expression ‘killed by the sword’ uses the Greek word ‘rhomphaia’ which describes a sword used for warfare.

Hendriksen makes the very valid point of distinguishing between the word ‘machaira’ which was given to the rider on the second rider on the fiery red horse and the word used here, the ‘rhomphaia’. We suggested that the ‘machaira’ is a sword used for sacrifice and that the second rider brought religious persecution. By contrast, the fourth rider has a ‘rhomphaia’ which is more of a weapon of war. Hence we see this horrific progression where the fourth horseman brings the sword of war which brings famine in its wake, plagues and epidemics then become rife and the dogs feed on the rotting corpses.

The number of deaths described in Revelation can be quite shocking at times. However, at the time of editing these notes, we are in the midst of the Covid 19 pandemic with India suffering an intense second wave of infections and its hospitals overwhelmed. The numbers of deaths in Revelation are suddenly not so astounding and could quite possibly happen.

Ezekiel 14:21 ‘How much worse will it be when I send against Jerusalem my four dreadful judgements sword and famine and wild beasts and plague – to kill its men and their animals. Yet there will be some survivors – sons and daughters who will be brought out of it.’

The numbers involved are truly dreadful but yet a remnant will survive. Some have reasoned that this outpouring of judgement will not cover the whole earth but only the Middle-East.

Actually, it does not say that a quarter of the population will be killed but the horseman will only have power over a quarter of the earth. The exact number who will be killed here is not given.

Some point out encouragingly that there is at least a limit to this destruction. Satan can only go so far. The intensity of this outpouring would certainly place the timing of the fourth rider in the second half of Daniel’s Week and would correlate with Matthew 24:21 where Christ Jesus warns: ‘For then there will be great distress, unequalled from the beginning of the world until now – and never to be equalled again.’

The expression ‘the wild beasts of the earth’ has a flurry of interpretations. Some suggest that it alludes to pandemic plagues such as Ebola that come from the earth.

The colour of the horse has traditionally been described as being a pale, anaemic and sickly. Robert Thomas describes the colour of the fourth horse as being ‘the yellowish green of decay, the pallor of death. It is the pale ashen colour that images a face bleached because of terror. It recalls a corpse in the advanced state of corruption.

Some have challenged this interpretation. The Greek word used here is ‘chloros’ from which we get the English word ‘chlorophyll’. It speaks of life and vigour. It is a vibrant green. Some have pointed towards the many traditional associations of this colour with Islam. In the Quran it denotes paradise; and the colour ‘green’ features on several national flags as a symbol of Islam. The suggestion is therefore made that the rider on the ‘green horse’ alludes to Islam waging war.

The grim measure of these verses holds a toxic stench. Here lies the harvest of unrighteousness, the fruit of the sinful nature of fallen man. Here lies the epicentre of hopeless depravity.

Overview of the four horsemen of the Apocalypse.

There is no doubt that these apocalyptic horsemen represent a great outpouring of suffering and tribulation that begins with the emergence of the Antichrist, the first horseman on the white horse.

There is an essential important point to be made here. These tribulations are not the wrath of God being poured out on the earth; this will come later with the seven bowls of wrath.

These tribulations are the evil handiwork of the Antichrist and the tragic fruit of the sinful nature of man.

Mounce comments scathingly: ‘This is the natural progression of man’s humanity to man. In other words, God simply allows human sin to come full circle, turn in upon itself, and self-destruct.’

We can therefore propose a loose working relationship between the first four seals and Daniel’s seventieth week.

The first of the seven years of tribulation will begin with the emergence of the first horseman, the Antichrist on a white steed. He will bring a coercive false treaty of peace.

The second of the seven years of tribulation will bring the emergence of the second horseman, on the fiery red horse, an Islamic Caliphate that will bring spiritual persecution.

The third of the seven years of tribulation will bring the emergence of the third horseman, on the black horse, who will bring food shortages and famine to those who refuse to take the mark of the Beast.

The fourth of the seven years of tribulation will bring the emergence of the fourth horseman, on the pale green horse, who will bring war, famine, plague and wild beasts.

Remember that the second, third and fourth horseman may be a reflection, or the attributes of, the first horseman.

I must emphasise that this is only a proposed guide and not an accurate time-table.

The Fifth Seal

Revelation 6:9 ‘When he opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God and the testimony they had maintained. They called out in a loud voice, ‘How long, Sovereign Lord, holy and true, until you judge the inhabitants of this earth and avenge our blood?

There can be no doubt that Christians will suffer the unfolding barbarity of the end-times but although Satan can kill the body, nevertheless the soul will never be destroyed.

Revelation 12:12a ‘He (Satan) is filled with fury because he knows that his time is short.’

Revelaton 12:17 ‘Then the dragon was enraged at the woman and went off to make war against the rest of her offspring – those who obey God’s commandments and hold to the authority of Jesus.’

There is a deep beauty in the midst of the darkness. Martyrdom is no stranger to the churches of the Middle East but at the height of the tribulation, the dragon will wage a furious war against the churches. But the saints will be so devoted to the coming Christ, so much in love with the coming Bridegroom, that they will surrender their lives rather than renounce their faith. And here we find them under the altar, dressed in the white robes of righteousness, as close as one can be in the very presence of their loving heavenly Father.

Revelation 2:11 ‘He who overcomes will not be hurt at all by the second death.’

Some suggest, rightly, that just as the martyrdom of Christ Jesus defeated the enemy and brought salvation to the world, so the martyrdom of so many saints will defeat the enemy and usher in the reign of Christ Jesus.

Revelation 12:11 ‘They overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony, they did not love their lives so much as to shrink from death.’

Wheatley comments brilliantly: ‘These people are under the altar which symbolizes sacrifice. In the Old Testament the priests offered sacrifices for sin. In the New Testament Jesus gave his life as a sacrifice for our sins once for all. The souls under the altar had sacrificed their lives for Jesus.

Revelation 6:9 ‘How long, Sovereign Lord, holy and true, until you judge the inhabitants of this earth and avenge our blood.’

Christians have always been taught the path of non-retaliation and not to take personal revenge. The implication is that these martyrs have been executed in some way and the perpetrators are still alive on earth.

Bullinger comments with compassion and understanding: ‘The church of God in this day of grace does not, and cannot, cry for vengeance. Indeed, it is expressly taught not to. It is evident that these words are not appropriate to this present dispensation in which we are to love our neighbours as ourselves, and not to cry for vengeance upon them. But these martyrs are in quite another dispensation; and in one to which this cry is altogether appropriate and in harmony.’8

The understanding therefore is that these martyred souls are crying out for the tribulation to come to an end and for the Kingdom of righteousness to be ushered in. They are told by God to trust in the unfolding of His glorious plans.

Revelation 6:11a ‘…they were told to wait a little longer, until the number of their fellow-servants and brothers who were to be killed as they had been completed.’

Matthew Henry comments forebodingly: ‘There is a number of Christians, known to God, who are appointed as sheep for the slaughter, set apart to be God’s witnesses.’ 9

Hendriksen adds that: ‘Thus these souls of the martyrs must enjoy their heavenly repose ‘for a little time’ until every elect one has been brought into the fold and the number of martyrs is full. God knows the exact number. It has been fixed from eternity in His decree. Until that number has been realised on earth the day of final judgement cannot come.’ 10

The tribulation will bring its fair share of tragedies, sacrifice and martyrdom. Ryrie comments lucidly: ‘God’s reply provides a glimpse into the complicated problems of why evil is allowed to reign. God simply allows it for His own purposes, which are best from the viewpoint of His total plan, though difficult to understand from our limited viewpoint. It was difficult for those martyrs to understand why God would allow these evil murderers to live, but he asks them to trust Him to work out all things in the best way.’ 11

Their prayer is answered in Revelation 10:6a ‘There will be no more delay!’

The Sixth Seal

Revelation 6:12 ‘I watched as he opened the sixth seal. There was a great earthquake. The sun turned black like sackcloth made of goat hair, the whole moon turned blood red and the stars in the sky fell to earth, as late figs drop from a fig-tree when shaken by a strong wind. The sky receded like a scroll rolling up and every mountain and island was removed from its place.’

The opening of the sixth seal brings forth a great convulsion of the natural world. Some have sought to symbolise these elements into a political upheaval but a simple and literal understanding is probably the best.

There have always been great destructive events in the natural world. However, there is certainly an understanding here that these phenomenon are much more than has ever been experienced in the history of the world. They are still not as cataclysmic as events to come but devastating none-the-less.

The great earthquake serves to shake the very confidence of those who trust in their own strength. The darkness and the blood-moon will quake fear in their hearts. The falling stars will be aimed at their very souls. The receding sky will bring terror to the streets and all certainty will be cast aside.

Some have pondered if we have the result of a nuclear warfare described here but that can only remain as supposition. An eruptive volcano would perhaps produce the same effect.

One hesitates to add our own touches of imagination.

Many commentators would find agreement with this description of cosmic upheavals here in Revelation 6:12 and with Matthew 24:29 and Joel 2:31. All three passages describe the same upheaval.

Matthew 24:29 ‘Immediately after the distress of those days the sun will be darkened and the moon will not give its light, the stars will fall from the sky and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.’

Joel 2:31 ‘The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood, before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord.’

Some would therefore assert that this cosmic upheaval happens towards the end of the second half of the tribulation, just before the return of Christ Jesus and the rapture of the church and just before the wrath of God is poured out on the unbelieving world.

Certainly, these celestial disturbances would cut short the persecutions of the Antichrist for the sake of the elect.

Matthew 24:22 ‘If those days had not been cut short, no-one would survive but for the sake of the elect those days will be shortened.’

Some have noticed that six elements are described here: earthquake, sun, moon, stars, sky and mountain. In the next verse, six persons are described: kings, princes, generals, rich, mighty and slave. The link is made with the number of 666 which is supposed to describe humanity apart from God. I leave you to make of it what you will!

The expression: ‘the sky receded like a scroll’ would indicate that the veil that separates heaven from earth will be rolled back and the awesome presence of God will be revealed to all.

Revelation 6:15Then the kings of the earth, the princes, the generals, the rich, the mighty, and every slave and every free man hid in caves and among the rocks of the mountains. They called to the mountains and the rocks, ‘Fall on us’ and hide us from the face of him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb. For the great day of their wrath has come and who can stand.’

The rich and the mighty, who have prospered and paraded themselves upon the mountains, despising and mocking God, are now cowering in the depths of the caves, for the righteous judgements of God are upon them.

Human society builds distinctions between its members. Royalty dwell in palaces and the poor huddle in hovels but when the end approaches, the greatest find themselves level with the least, scrambling among the rocks of common ground. Perhaps the rich will possess the luxury of the caves whilst others are left with the open ground but it will be of no avail.

Each man will succumb to the gaze of the God who knows the hearts of men. There will be no place to hide.

Hebrews 4:12 ‘For the word of God is living and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow, it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart. Nothing in all creation is hidden from God’s sight. Everything is uncovered and laid bare before the eyes of him to whom we must give an account.

The expression: ‘the sky receded like a scroll’ would indicate that the veil that separates heaven from earth will be rolled back and the awesome presence of God will be revealed to all.

The wrath of God is about to be poured out on this earth.

The Bow

These notes on the ‘bow‘ that the rider on the white horse holds, in Revelation 6:2a are quite speculative and so I have set them here as an afterthought.

Many commentators have remarked that a bow is mentioned but no arrows. Commentators propose a few speculative thoughts on this matter.

One thought is that this denotes that his power is limited, and, like his master, he is posturing as a deceptive bluff. His bow is impressive but his quiver is empty!

The Greek word ‘toxon’ is used in this text for ‘bow’.

Interestingly, in the Septuagint Old Testament, this same word ‘toxon’ is used in Genesis 9:13 which describes the covenant God makes with his people.

Genesis 9:13 ‘I set my bow in the cloud and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth.’

Therefore some have suggested that this bow represents a covenant. We can infer that the ‘bow without arrows’ , that this first rider carries, alludes to a covenant and the lack of arrows indicates that the covenant is one of peace rather than war.

Some associate, quite reasonably, this covenant of peace with the treacherous covenant of false peace found in Daniel 9:27 and Isaiah 28:14-15.

Daniel describes the dark Antichrist as first coming with deceptive peace.

Perhaps the Middle-East tensions will become so unbearable that a workable peace plan will be welcomed, especially if it includes permission for Israel to rebuild the much-desired Third Temple in Jerusalem and begin the daily sacrifices once more.

Daniel 9:27b In the middle of the ‘seven’, he will put an end to sacrifice and offering.’

Sadly, this peace plan will prove to be deceptive and the Antichrist will break the covenant half-way through, after three-and-a-half years.

Thus the bow with no arrows may describe this end-time deceptive peace covenant that will be broken half-way through.

I hasten to add that this interpretation is speculative though.

1 Matthew Henry Commentary on Revelation location 899

2 Nelson Walters Revelation Deciphered location 2702

3 John F Walvoord Revelation location 1973

4 Nelson Walters Revelation Deciphered location 2967

5 Paige Patterson New American Commentary location 4606

6 William Hendriksen More Than Conquerors location 1782

7 Sylvia Wheatley Revelation – A Book With A Blessing location 1561

8 F W Bullinger Revelation location 5558

9 Matthew Henry Commentary on Revelation location 985

10 William Hendriksen More Than Conquerors location 106

11 Charles C Ryrie Revelation location 866

12 Matthew Henry Commentary on Revelation location 1009

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